List of scientific references


(1) Abel L, Walker C, Samios C, Morozow L. Vicarious posttraumatic growth: Predictors of growth and relationships with adjustment. Traumatology 20[1], 9-18. 2014. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(2) Abelson JL, Erickson TM, Mayer SE, Crocker J, Briggs H, Lopez-Duran NL et al. Brief cognitive intervention can modulate neuroendocrine stress responses to the Trier Social Stress Test: buffering effects of a compassionate goal orientation. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2014; 44:60-70. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.02.016. Epub;%2014 Mar 3.:60-70.
(3) Acheson DT, Gresack JE, Risbrough VB. Hippocampal dysfunction effects on context memory: possible etiology for posttraumatic stress disorder. Neuropharmacology 2012; 62(2):674-685.
(4) Aerni A, Traber R, Hock C, Roozendaal B, Schelling G, Papassotiropoulos A et al. Low-dose cortisol for symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161(8):1488-1490.
(5) Affleck G, Tennen H, Croog S, Levine S. Causal attribution, perceived benefits, and morbidity after a heart attack: an 8-year study. J Consult Clin Psychol 1987; 55(1):29-35.
(6) Ahani A, Wahbeh H, Nezamfar H, Miller M, Erdogmus D, Oken B. Quantitative change of EEG and respiration signals during mindfulness meditation. J Neuroeng Rehabil 2014; 11:87. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-87.:87-11.
(7) Alcantara C, Muntner P, Edmondson D, Safford MM, Redmond N, Colantonio LD et al. Perfect storm: concurrent stress and depressive symptoms increase risk of myocardial infarction or death. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2015; 8(2):146-154.
(8) Algoe SB, Fredrickson BL. Emotional fitness and the movement of affective science from lab to field. Am Psychol 2011; 66(1):35-42.
(9) Allen AB, Leary MR. Self-Compassion, Stress, and Coping. Soc Personal Psychol Compass 2010; 4(2):107-118.
(10) Allen AP, Kennedy PJ, Cryan JF, Dinan TG, Clarke G. Biological and psychological markers of stress in humans: focus on the Trier Social Stress Test. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2014; 38:94-124. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.11.005. Epub;%2013 Nov 14.:94-124.
(11) Altemus M, Cloitre M, Dhabhar FS. Enhanced cellular immune response in women with PTSD related to childhood abuse. Am J Psychiatry 2003; 160(9):1705-1707.
(12) Archer J. The influence of testosterone on human aggression. Br J Psychol 1991; 82(Pt 1):1-28.
(13) Arias AJ, Steinberg K, Banga A, Trestman RL. Systematic review of the efficacy of meditation techniques as treatments for medical illness. J Altern Complement Med 2006; 12(8):817-832.
(14) Arnold D, Calhoun LG, Tedeschi R, Cann A. Vicarious Posttraumatic Growth in Psychotherapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 5[2], 239-263. 2005. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(15) Artemiadis AK, Anagnostouli MC, Alexopoulos EC. Stress as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis onset or relapse: a systematic review. Neuroepidemiology 2011; 36(2):109-120.
(16) Aspinwall LG, Taylor SE. A stitch in time: self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychol Bull 1997; 121(3):417-436.
(17) Austin AW, Wissmann T, von KR. Stress and hemostasis: an update. Semin Thromb Hemost 2013; 39(8):902-912.
(18) Balaji PA, Varne SR, Ali SS. Physiological effects of yogic practices and transcendental meditation in health and disease. N Am J Med Sci 2012; 4(10):442-448.
(19) Barrocas AL, Hankin BL. Developmental pathways to depressive symptoms in adolescence: a multi-wave prospective study of negative emotionality, stressors, and anxiety. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2011; 39(4):489-500.
(20) Baumeister RF, Vohs KD, Aaker JL, Garbinsky N. Some key differences between a happy and a meaningful life. Journal of positive psychology 8[6], 505-516. 2013. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(21) Becker LC, Pepine CJ, Bonsall R, Cohen JD, Goldberg AD, Coghlan C et al. Left ventricular, peripheral vascular, and neurohumoral responses to mental stress in normal middle-aged men and women. Reference Group for the Psychophysiological Investigations of Myocardial Ischemia (PIMI) Study. Circulation 1996; 94(11):2768-2777.
(22) Beltzer ML, Nock MK, Peters BJ, Jamieson JP. Rethinking butterflies: the affective, physiological, and performance effects of reappraising arousal during social evaluation. Emotion 2014; 14(4):761-768.
(23) Bentz D, Michael T, de Quervain DJ, Wilhelm FH. Enhancing exposure therapy for anxiety disorders with glucocorticoids: from basic mechanisms of emotional learning to clinical applications. J Anxiety Disord 2010; 24(2):223-230.
(24) Betancourt TS, Brennan RT, Rubin-Smith J, Fitzmaurice GM, Gilman SE. Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a longitudinal study of risk, protective factors, and mental health. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2010; 49(6):606-615.
(25) Betancourt TS, McBain R, Newnham EA, Brennan RT. Context matters: community characteristics and mental health among war-affected youth in Sierra Leone. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2014; 55(3):217-226.
(26) Bhatawdekar M. Modern Parenthood through the Eyes of a Psychiatrist. Mens Sana Monogr 2015; 13(1):125-133.
(27) Billings DW, Folkman S, Acree M, Moskowitz JT. Coping and physical health during caregiving: the roles of positive and negative affect. J Pers Soc Psychol 2000; 79(1):131-142.
(28) Bjorntorp P. Do stress reactions cause abdominal obesity and comorbidities? Obes Rev 2001; 2(2):73-86.
(29) Bjorntorp P, Rossner S, Udden J. ["Consolatory eating" is not a myth. Stress-induced increased cortisol levels result in leptin-resistant obesity]. Lakartidningen 2001; 98(48):5458-5461.
(30) Boeninger DK, Shiraishi RW, Aldwin CM, Spiro A, III. Why do older men report low stress ratings? Findings from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. Int J Aging Hum Dev 2009; 68(2):149-170.
(31) Bond FW, Hayes SC, Baer RA, Carpenter KM, Guenole N, Orcutt HK et al. Preliminary psychometric properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II: a revised measure of psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance. Behav Ther 2011; 42(4):676-688.
(32) Boudarene M, Legros JJ, Timsit-Berthier M. [Study of the stress response: role of anxiety, cortisol and DHEAs]. Encephale 2002; 28(2):139-146.
(33) Bowen S, Witkiewitz K, Clifasefi SL, Grow J, Chawla N, Hsu SH et al. Relative efficacy of mindfulness-based relapse prevention, standard relapse prevention, and treatment as usual for substance use disorders: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry 2014; 71(5):547-556.
(34) Bower JE, ., Moskowitz JTaEE. Is Benefit Finding Good for Your Health? Pathways Linking Positive Life Changes After Stress and Physical Health Outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2009; 6:337-341.
(35) Bower JE, Ganz PA. Symptoms: Fatigue and Cognitive Dysfunction. Adv Exp Med Biol 2015; 862:53-75. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-16366-6_5.:53-75.
(36) Bower JE, Irwin MR. Mind-body therapies and control of inflammatory biology: A descriptive review. Brain Behav Immun 2015;(15):10.
(37) Boyle PA, Barnes LL, Buchman AS, Bennett DA. Purpose in life is associated with mortality among community-dwelling older persons. Psychosom Med 2009; 71(5):574-579.
(38) Branstrom R, Kvillemo P, Brandberg Y, Moskowitz JT. Self-report mindfulness as a mediator of psychological well-being in a stress reduction intervention for cancer patients--a randomized study. Ann Behav Med 2010; 39(2):151-161.
(39) Britton A, Shipley MJ. Bored to death? Int J Epidemiol 2010; 39(2):370-371.
(40) Brooks AW. Get excited: reappraising pre-performance anxiety as excitement. J Exp Psychol Gen 2014; 143(3):1144-1158.
(41) Brown SL, Brown RM, House JS, Smith DM. Coping with spousal loss: potential buffering effects of self-reported helping behavior. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2008; 34(6):849-861.
(42) Bryant RA, Sutherland K, Guthrie RM. Impaired specific autobiographical memory as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress after trauma. J Abnorm Psychol 2007; 116(4):837-841.
(43) Buchanan TW, Preston SD. Stress leads to prosocial action in immediate need situations. Front Behav Neurosci 2014; 8:5. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00005. eCollection;%2014.:5.
(44) Burg-Danoff S, Ageea JD, Romanoff NR, Kremer JM, Strosberg JM. Benefit finding and expressive writing in adults with lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Psychology & Health 21[5], 651-665. 2006. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(45) Canevello A, Crocker J. Changing Relationship Growth Belief: Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Consequences of Compassionate Goals. Pers Relatsh 2011; 18(3):370-391.
(46) Carstensen LL, Turan B, Scheibe S, Ram N, Ersner-Hershfield H, Samanez-Larkin GR et al. Emotional experience improves with age: evidence based on over 10 years of experience sampling. Psychol Aging 2011; 26(1):21-33.
(47) Carter CS. Neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1998; 23(8):779-818.
(48) Carver CS, Scheier MF. Dispositional optimism. Trends Cogn Sci 2014; 18(6):293-299.
(49) Cassidy T, McLaughlin M, Giles M. Benefit finding in response to general life stress: measurement and correlates. Health Psychol Behav Med 2014; 2(1):268-282.
(50) Chang PP, Ford DE, Meoni LA, Wang NY, Klag MJ. Anger in young men and subsequent premature cardiovascular disease: the precursors study. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162(8):901-906.
(51) Chapman University. THE GFK Group Project Report for the National Survey of Fears. 2014. 
Ref Type: Online Source
(52) Chen E, Miller GE. "Shift-and-Persist" Strategies: Why Low Socioeconomic Status Isn't Always Bad for Health. Perspect Psychol Sci 2012; 7(2):135-158.
(53) Chiang JJ, Bower JE, Almeida DM, Irwin MR, Seeman TE, Fuligni AJ. Socioeconomic status, daily affective and social experiences, and inflammation during adolescence. Psychosom Med 2015; 77(3):256-266.
(54) Cicchetti D, Rogosch FA. Adaptive coping under conditions of extreme stress: Multilevel influences on the determinants of resilience in maltreated children. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 2009; 2009(124):47-59.
(55) Cirulli F, Francia N, Berry A, Aloe L, Alleva E, Suomi SJ. Early life stress as a risk factor for mental health: role of neurotrophins from rodents to non-human primates. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2009; 33(4):573-585.
(56) Cloyes KG, Rosenkranz SJ, Wold D, Berry PH, Supiano KP. To be truly alive: motivation among prison inmate hospice volunteers and the transformative process of end-of-life peer care service. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2014; 31(7):735-748.
(57) Cohen BE, Edmondson D, Kronish IM. State of the Art Review: Depression, Stress, Anxiety, and Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Hypertens 2015;hpv047.
(58) Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Miller GE. Psychological stress and disease. JAMA 2007; 298(14):1685-1687.
(59) Cohen S, Tyrrell DA, Smith AP. Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold. N Engl J Med 1991; 325(9):606-612.
(60) Collins A, Hill LE, Chandramohan Y, Whitcomb D, Droste SK, Reul JM. Exercise improves cognitive responses to psychological stress through enhancement of epigenetic mechanisms and gene expression in the dentate gyrus. PLoS One 2009; 4(1):e4330.
(61) Connolly NP, Eberhart NK, Hammen CL, Brennan PA. Specificity of Stress Generation: A Comparison of Adolescents with Depressive, Anxiety, and Comorbid Diagnoses. Int J Cogn Ther 2010; 3(4):368-379.
(62) Cooper DC, Thayer JF, Waldstein SR. Coping with racism: the impact of prayer on cardiovascular reactivity and post-stress recovery in African American women. Ann Behav Med 2014; 47(2):218-230.
(63) Cristea IA, Legge E, Prosperi M, Guazzelli M, David D, Gentili C. Moderating effects of empathic concern and personal distress on the emotional reactions of disaster volunteers. Disasters 2014; 38(4):740-752.
(64) Crocker J, Olivier MA, Nuer N. Self-Image Goals and Compassionate Goals: Costs and Benefits. Self Identity 2009; 8(2-3):251-269.
(65) Crum A, Salovey, P, Achor S. Evaluating a mindset trainingh program to unleash the enhancing nature of stress. Academy of management proceedings , 1-6. 2015. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(66) Crum AJ, Corbin WR, Brownell KD, Salovey P. Mind over milkshakes: mindsets, not just nutrients, determine ghrelin response. Health Psychol 2011; 30(4):424-429.
(67) Crum AJ, Langer EJ. Mind-set matters: exercise and the placebo effect. Psychol Sci 2007; 18(2):165-171.
(68) Crum AJ, Salovey P, Achor S. Rethinking stress: the role of mindsets in determining the stress response. J Pers Soc Psychol 2013; 104(4):716-733.
(69) Crum RM, Lyddy C, ., . De-stressing Stress: The Power of Mindsets and the Art of Stressing Mindfully. The Handbook of Mindfulness . 2013. Wiley-Blackwell. 
Ref Type: Online Source
(70) Cutolo M, Straub RH. Stress as a risk factor in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Neuroimmunomodulation 2006; 13(5-6):277-282.
(71) Danhauer SC, Russell GB, Tedeschi RG, Jesse MT, Vishnevsky T, Daley K et al. A longitudinal investigation of posttraumatic growth in adult patients undergoing treatment for acute leukemia. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2013; 20(1):13-24.
(72) Danoff-Burg S, Revenson TA. Benefit-finding among patients with rheumatoid arthritis: positive effects on interpersonal relationships. J Behav Med 2005; 28(1):91-103.
(73) de Quervain DJ. Glucocorticoid-induced reduction of traumatic memories: implications for the treatment of PTSD. Prog Brain Res 2008; 167:239-47.:239-247.
(74) de Quervain DJ, Bentz D, Michael T, Bolt OC, Wiederhold BK, Margraf J et al. Glucocorticoids enhance extinction-based psychotherapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2011; %19;108(16):6621-6625.
(75) de Quervain DJ, Margraf J. Glucocorticoids for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias: a novel therapeutic approach. Eur J Pharmacol 2008; 583(2-3):365-371.
(76) de AG, Van Arsdel PPJ, Holmes TH, Dudley DL. Life change, coping ability and chronic intrinsic asthma. J Psychosom Res 1973; 17(5):359-363.
(77) Del GM. Early stress and human behavioral development: emerging evolutionary perspectives. J Dev Orig Health Dis 2014; 5(4):270-280.
(78) Del GM, Hinnant JB, Ellis BJ, El-Sheikh M. Adaptive patterns of stress responsivity: a preliminary investigation. Dev Psychol 2012; 48(3):775-790.
(79) Delahanty DL, Gabert-Quillen C, Ostrowski SA, Nugent NR, Fischer B, Morris A et al. The efficacy of initial hydrocortisone administration at preventing posttraumatic distress in adult trauma patients: a randomized trial. CNS Spectr 2013; 18(2):103-111.
(80) Delahanty DL, Nugent NR, Christopher NC, Walsh M. Initial urinary epinephrine and cortisol levels predict acute PTSD symptoms in child trauma victims. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2005; 30(2):121-128.
(81) Dickerson SS, Gruenewald TL, Kemeny ME. When the social self is threatened: shame, physiology, and health. J Pers 2004; 72(6):1191-1216.
(82) Diener E, Lucas RE, Scollon CN. Beyond the hedonic treadmill: revising the adaptation theory of well-being. Am Psychol 2006; 61(4):305-314.
(83) Diener E, Ng W, Harter J, Arora R. Wealth and happiness across the world: material prosperity predicts life evaluation, whereas psychosocial prosperity predicts positive feeling. J Pers Soc Psychol 2010; 99(1):52-61.
(84) Diener E, Tay L. Subjective well-being and human welfare around the world as reflected in the Gallup World Poll. Int J Psychol 2015; 50(2):135-149.
(85) Diener E, Tay L, Myers DG. The religion paradox: if religion makes people happy, why are so many dropping out? J Pers Soc Psychol 2011; 101(6):1278-1290.
(86) Dienstbier RA. Arousal and physiological toughness: implications for mental and physical health. Psychol Rev 1989; 96(1):84-100.
(87) Dinkel K, MacPherson A, Sapolsky RM. Novel glucocorticoid effects on acute inflammation in the CNS. J Neurochem 2003; 84(4):705-716.
(88) DiPietro JA, Kivlighan KT, Costigan KA, Rubin SE, Shiffler DE, Henderson JL et al. Prenatal antecedents of newborn neurological maturation. Child Dev 2010; 81(1):115-130.
(90) Doran JM, Kalayjian A, Toussaint L, Mendez DM. Posttraumatic Stress and Meaning Making in Mexico City. Psychology and Developing Societies 26[1], 91-114. 2014. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(91) Dunkel SC. Psychological science on pregnancy: stress processes, biopsychosocial models, and emerging research issues. Annu Rev Psychol 2011; 62:531-58. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.031809.130727.:531-558.
(92) Eagly AH, Steffen VJ. Gender and aggressive behavior: a meta-analytic review of the social psychological literature. Psychol Bull 1986; 100(3):309-330.
(93) Eaker ED, Sullivan LM, Kelly-Hayes M, D'Agostino RB, Sr., Benjamin EJ. Anger and hostility predict the development of atrial fibrillation in men in the Framingham Offspring Study. Circulation 2004; 109(10):1267-1271.
(94) Eaker ED, Sullivan LM, Kelly-Hayes M, D'Agostino RB, Sr., Benjamin EJ. Does job strain increase the risk for coronary heart disease or death in men and women? The Framingham Offspring Study. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 159(10):950-958.
(95) Eaker ED, Sullivan LM, Kelly-Hayes M, D'Agostino RB, Sr., Benjamin EJ. Tension and anxiety and the prediction of the 10-year incidence of coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, and total mortality: the Framingham Offspring Study. Psychosom Med 2005; 67(5):692-696.
(96) Eaker ED, Sullivan LM, Kelly-Hayes M, D'Agostino RB, Sr., Benjamin EJ. Marital status, marital strain, and risk of coronary heart disease or total mortality: the Framingham Offspring Study. Psychosom Med 2007; 69(6):509-513.
(97) Edmondson D. An Enduring Somatic Threat Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Due to Acute Life-Threatening Medical Events. Soc Personal Psychol Compass 2014; 8(3):118-134.
(98) Edmondson D, Cohen BE. Posttraumatic stress disorder and cardiovascular disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2013; 55(6):548-556.
(99) Edmondson D, Gamboa C, Cohen A, Anderson AH, Kutner N, Kronish I et al. Association of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality and hospitalization among Hurricane Katrina survivors with end-stage renal disease. Am J Public Health 2013; 103(4):e130-e137.
(100) Edmondson D, Horowitz CR, Goldfinger JZ, Fei K, Kronish IM. Concerns about medications mediate the association of posttraumatic stress disorder with adherence to medication in stroke survivors. Br J Health Psychol 2013; 18(4):799-813.
(101) Edmondson D, Newman JD, Whang W, Davidson KW. Emotional triggers in myocardial infarction: do they matter? Eur Heart J 2013; 34(4):300-306.
(102) Edmondson D, Richardson S, Falzon L, Davidson KW, Mills MA, Neria Y. Posttraumatic stress disorder prevalence and risk of recurrence in acute coronary syndrome patients: a meta-analytic review. PLoS One 2012; 7(6):e38915.
(103) Edmondson D, Richardson S, Fausett JK, Falzon L, Howard VJ, Kronish IM. Prevalence of PTSD in Survivors of Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack: A Meta-Analytic Review. PLoS One 2013; %19;8(6):e66435.
(104) Edmondson D, Rieckmann N, Shaffer JA, Schwartz JE, Burg MM, Davidson KW et al. Posttraumatic stress due to an acute coronary syndrome increases risk of 42-month major adverse cardiac events and all-cause mortality. J Psychiatr Res 2011; 45(12):1621-1626.
(105) Edmondson D, Shaffer JA, Denton EG, Shimbo D, Clemow L. Posttraumatic stress and myocardial infarction risk perceptions in hospitalized acute coronary syndrome patients. Front Psychol 2012; 3:144. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00144. eCollection;%2012.:144.
(106) Egido JA, Castillo O, Roig B, Sanz I, Herrero MR, Garay MT et al. Is psycho-physical stress a risk factor for stroke? A case-control study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2012; 83(11):1104-1110.
(107) Egloff N, Hirschi A, von KR. Traumatization and chronic pain: a further model of interaction. J Pain Res 2013; 6:765-70. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S52264. eCollection;%2013.:765-770.
(108) Ehring T, Ehlers A, Cleare AJ, Glucksman E. Do acute psychological and psychobiological responses to trauma predict subsequent symptom severities of PTSD and depression? Psychiatry Res 2008; 161(1):67-75.
(109) Elder C, Nidich S, Moriarty F, Nidich R. Effect of transcendental meditation on employee stress, depression, and burnout: a randomized controlled study. Perm J 2014; 18(1):19-23.
(110) Eskelinen M, Ollonen P. Life stress due to losses and deficit in childhood and adolescence as breast cancer risk factor: a prospective case-control study in Kuopio, Finland. Anticancer Res 2010; 30(10):4303-4308.
(111) Fay AJ, Jordan AH, Ehrlinger J. How Social Norms Promote Misleading Social Feedback and Inaccurate Self-Assessment. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 6[2], 206-216. 2012. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(112) Flood AM, Boyle SH, Calhoun PS, Dennis MF, Barefoot JC, Moore SD et al. Prospective study of externalizing and internalizing subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder and their relationship to mortality among Vietnam veterans. Compr Psychiatry 2010; 51(3):236-242.
(113) Folkman S, Greer S. Promoting psychological well-being in the face of serious illness: when theory, research and practice inform each other. Psychooncology 2000; 9(1):11-19.
(114) Frazier P, Greer C, Gabrielsen S, Tennen H, Park C, Tomich P. The relation between trauma exposure and prosocial behavior. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 5[3], 286-294. 2015. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(115) Garcia JA, Crocker J. Reasons for disclosing depression matter: the consequences of having egosystem and ecosystem goals. Soc Sci Med 2008; 67(3):453-462.
(116) Garland SN, Tamagawa R, Todd SC, Speca M, Carlson LE. Increased mindfulness is related to improved stress and mood following participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program in individuals with cancer. Integr Cancer Ther 2013; 12(1):31-40.
(117) Germer CK, Neff KD. Self-compassion in clinical practice. J Clin Psychol 2013; 69(8):856-867.
(118) Gilbert P, McEwan K, Catarino F, Baiao R, Palmeira L. Fears of happiness and compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed sample. Br J Clin Psychol 2014; 53(2):228-244.
(119) Girdler SS, Jammer LD, Shapiro D. Hostility, testosterone, and vascular reactivity to stress: effects of sex. Int J Behav Med 1997; 4(3):242-263.
(120) Gold PW, Machado-Vieira R, Pavlatou MG. Clinical and biochemical manifestations of depression: relation to the neurobiology of stress. Neural Plast 2015; 2015:581976. doi: 10.1155/2015/581976. Epub;%2015 Mar 24.:581976.
(121) Goldfinger JZ, Edmondson D, Kronish IM, Fei K, Balakrishnan R, Tuhrim S et al. Correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in stroke survivors. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014; 23(5):1099-1105.
(122) Goosens KA, Sapolsky RM, Sorrells SF, Munhoz CD, Manley NC, Yen S et al. Stress and Glucocorticoid Contributions to Normal and Pathological Aging
Glucocorticoids increase excitotoxic injury and inflammation in the hippocampus of adult male rats. Neuroendocrinology 2014; 100(2-3):129-140.
(123) Goyal M, Singh S, Sibinga EMS, Gould NF, Rowland-Seymour A, Sharma R et al. Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med 2014; 174(3):357-368.
(124) Greenage M, Kulaksizoglu B, Cilingiroglu M, Ali R. The role of anxiety and emotional stress as a risk factor in treatment-resistant hypertension. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2011; 13(2):129-131.
(125) Greenman PS, Johnson SM. United we stand: emotionally focused therapy for couples in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychol 2012; 68(5):561-569.
(126) Guardino CM, Schetter CD. Coping during pregnancy: a systematic review and recommendations. Health Psychol Rev 2014; 8(1):70-94.
(127) Hagglof B, Blom L, Dahlquist G, Lonnberg G, Sahlin B. The Swedish childhood diabetes study: indications of severe psychological stress as a risk factor for type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in childhood. Diabetologia 1991; 34(8):579-583.
(128) Hahn-Holbrook J, Schetter CD, Arora C, Hobel CJ. Placental Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Mediates the Association Between Prenatal Social Support and Postpartum Depression. Clin Psychol Sci 2013; 1(3):253-264.
(129) Hamer M, Endrighi R, Venuraju SM, Lahiri A, Steptoe A. Cortisol responses to mental stress and the progression of coronary artery calcification in healthy men and women. PLoS One 2012; 7(2):e31356.
(130) Hamer M, O'Donnell K, Lahiri A, Steptoe A. Salivary cortisol responses to mental stress are associated with coronary artery calcification in healthy men and women. Eur Heart J 2010; 31(4):424-429.
(131) Hange D, Mehlig K, Lissner L, Guo X, Bengtsson C, Skoog I et al. Perceived mental stress in women associated with psychosomatic symptoms, but not mortality: observations from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg, Sweden. Int J Gen Med 2013; 6:307-15. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S42201. Print;%2013.:307-315.
(132) Harris CW, Edwards JL, Baruch A, Riley WA, Pusser BE, Rejeski WJ et al. Effects of mental stress on brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation in healthy normal individuals. Am Heart J 2000; 139(3):405-411.
(133) Hayes SC, Luoma JB, Bond FW, Masuda A, Lillis J. Acceptance and commitment therapy: model, processes and outcomes. Behav Res Ther 2006; 44(1):1-25.
(134) Hazel NA, Hammen C, Brennan PA, Najman J. Early childhood adversity and adolescent depression: the mediating role of continued stress. Psychol Med 2008; 38(4):581-589.
(135) Hernandez M, Hess MF, Harris JD. Leaning into the wind: Hardship, stekeholder relations and organisational resilience. Academy of management proceedings 1[16640]. 2013. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(136) Het S, Schoofs D, Rohleder N, Wolf OT. Stress-induced cortisol level elevations are associated with reduced negative affect after stress: indications for a mood-buffering cortisol effect. Psychosom Med 2012; 74(1):23-32.
(137) Hill PL, Turiano NA. Purpose in life as a predictor of mortality across adulthood. Psychol Sci 2014; 25(7):1482-1486.
(138) Hitze B, Hubold C, van DR, Schlichting K, Lehnert H, Entringer S et al. How the selfish brain organizes its supply and demand. Front Neuroenergetics 2010; 2:7. doi: 10.3389/fnene.2010.00007. eCollection;%2010.:7.
(139) Hofmann W, Adriaanse M, Vohs KD, Baumeister RF. Dieting and the self-control of eating in everyday environments: an experience sampling study. Br J Health Psychol 2014; 19(3):523-539.
(140) Hoge EA, Brandstetter K, Moshier S, Pollack MH, Wong KK, Simon NM. Broad spectrum of cytokine abnormalities in panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Depress Anxiety 2009; 26(5):447-455.
(141) Hoge EA, Bui E, Marques L, Metcalf CA, Morris LK, Robinaugh DJ et al. Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for generalized anxiety disorder: effects on anxiety and stress reactivity. J Clin Psychiatry 2013; 74(8):786-792.
(142) Hohwu L, Li J, Olsen J, Sorensen TI, Obel C. Severe maternal stress exposure due to bereavement before, during and after pregnancy and risk of overweight and obesity in young adult men: a Danish National Cohort Study. PLoS One 2014; 9(5):e97490.
(143) Hohwu L, Zhu JL, Graversen L, Li J, Sorensen TI, Obel C. Prenatal parental separation and body weight, including development of overweight and obesity later in childhood. PLoS One 2015; 10(3):e0119138.
(144) Holahan CJ, Moos RH, Holahan CK, Brennan PL, Schutte KK. Stress generation, avoidance coping, and depressive symptoms: a 10-year model. J Consult Clin Psychol 2005; 73(4):658-666.
(145) Holman EA, Garfin DR, Silver RC. Media's role in broadcasting acute stress following the Boston Marathon bombings. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014; 111(1):93-98.
(146) Holmqvist G, Natali L. Exploring the late impact of the great recession using gallup world poll data. 2014. Unicef office of research. Innocenti working paper No 2014-14. 
Ref Type: Report
(147) Holzel BK, Carmody J, Evans KC, Hoge EA, Dusek JA, Morgan L et al. Stress reduction correlates with structural changes in the amygdala. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2010; 5(1):11-17.
(148) Ickovics JR, Milan S, Boland R, Schoenbaum E, Schuman P, Vlahov D. Psychological resources protect health: 5-year survival and immune function among HIV-infected women from four US cities. AIDS 2006; 20(14):1851-1860.
(149) Inagaki TK, Eisenberger NI. Neural correlates of giving support to a loved one. Psychosom Med 2012; 74(1):3-7.
(150) Infante JR, Peran F, Rayo JI, Serrano J, Dominguez ML, Garcia L et al. Levels of immune cells in transcendental meditation practitioners. Int J Yoga 2014; 7(2):147-151.
(151) Insel TR. A neurobiological basis of social attachment. Am J Psychiatry 1997; 154(6):726-735.
(152) Ismail J, Jafar TH, Jafary FH, White F, Faruqui AM, Chaturvedi N. Risk factors for non-fatal myocardial infarction in young South Asian adults. Heart 2004; 90(3):259-263.
(153) Jack AI, Boyatzis RE, Khawaja MS, Passarelli AM, Leckie RL. Visioning in the brain: an fMRI study of inspirational coaching and mentoring. Soc Neurosci 2013; 8(4):369-384.
(154) Jamieson JP, Mendes WB, Blackstock E, Schmader T. Turning the knots in your stomach into bows: Reappraising arousal improves performance on the GRE. J Exp Soc Psychol 2010; 46(1):208-212.
(155) Jamieson JP, Nock MK, Mendes WB. Mind over matter: reappraising arousal improves cardiovascular and cognitive responses to stress. J Exp Psychol Gen 2012; 141(3):417-422.
(156) Jazaieri H, elly McGonigal, rika L.Rosenberg, oel Finkelstein, miliana Simon-Thomas, argaret Cullen et al. Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Compassion Cultivation Training Program. Journal of Happiness Studies 14[4], 1113-1126. 2013. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(157) Jazaieri H, Goldin PR, Werner K, Ziv M, Gross JJ. A randomized trial of MBSR versus aerobic exercise for social anxiety disorder. J Clin Psychol 2012; 68(7):715-731.
(158) Jazaieri H, Mc-Gonigal K, Jinpa T, Doty JR, Gross JJ, Goldin PR. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Compassion Cultivation Training: Effects on Mindfulness, Affect, and Emotion Regulation. Motivation and Emotion 2014; 38(1):23-35.
(159) Jefferson AL, Himali JJ, Beiser AS, Au R, Massaro JM, Seshadri S et al. Cardiac index is associated with brain aging: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 2010; 122(7):690-697.
(160) Jordan AH, Monin B, Dweck CS, Lovett BJ, John OP, Gross JJ. Misery has more company than people think: underestimating the prevalence of others' negative emotions. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2011; 37(1):120-135.
(161) Kamble SV, Phalke DB. Study of occupational stress as a risk factor for various morbidities among policemen. J Indian Med Assoc 2011; 109(4):238-240.
(162) Kaufman D, Banerji MA, Shorman I, Smith EL, Coplan JD, Rosenblum LA et al. Early-life stress and the development of obesity and insulin resistance in juvenile bonnet macaques. Diabetes 2007; 56(5):1382-1386.
(163) Kelley JM, Kaptchuk TJ, Cusin C, Lipkin S, Fava M. Open-label placebo for major depressive disorder: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Psychother Psychosom 2012; 81(5):312-314.
(164) Keltner D, Kogan A, Piff PK, Saturn SR. The sociocultural appraisals, values, and emotions (SAVE) framework of prosociality: core processes from gene to meme. Annu Rev Psychol 2014; 65:425-60. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115054.:425-460.
(165) Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Glaser R, Cacioppo JT, Malarkey WB. Marital stress: immunologic, neuroendocrine, and autonomic correlates. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1998; 840:656-63.:656-663.
(166) Kim SH, Schneider SM, Bevans M, Kravitz L, Mermier C, Qualls C et al. PTSD symptom reduction with mindfulness-based stretching and deep breathing exercise: randomized controlled clinical trial of efficacy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2013; 98(7):2984-2992.
(167) Kim YH, Kim HJ, Ahn SD, Seo YJ, Kim SH. Effects of meditation on anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life of women undergoing radiation therapy for breast cancer. Complement Ther Med 2013; 21(4):379-387.
(168) Kivimaki M, Leino-Arjas P, Luukkonen R, Riihimaki H, Vahtera J, Kirjonen J. Work stress and risk of cardiovascular mortality: prospective cohort study of industrial employees. BMJ 2002; %19;325(7369):857.
(169) Kleinman SB. A terrorist hijacking: Victims' experiences initially and 9 years later. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2[1], 49-58. 1989. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(170) Knox SS, Adelman A, Ellison RC, Arnett DK, Siegmund K, Weidner G et al. Hostility, social support, and carotid artery atherosclerosis in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Am J Cardiol 2000; 86(10):1086-1089.
(171) Koh KB, Choe E, Song JE, Lee EH. Effect of coping on endocrinoimmune functions in different stress situations. Psychiatry Res 2006; 143(2-3):223-234.
(172) Krakauer NY, Krakauer JC. A new body shape index predicts mortality hazard independently of body mass index. PLoS One 2012; 7(7):e39504.
(173) Krakauer NY, Krakauer JC. Dynamic association of mortality hazard with body shape. PLoS One 2014; %20;9(2):e88793.
(174) Kubera B, Bosy-Westphal A, Peters A, Braun W, Langemann D, Neugebohren S et al. Energy allocation between brain and body during ontogenetic development. Am J Hum Biol 2013; 25(6):725-732.
(175) Kubera B, Hubold C, Wischnath H, Zug S, Peters A. Rise of ketone bodies with psychosocial stress in normal weight men. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2014; 45:43-8. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.03.008. Epub;%2014 Mar 28.:43-48.
(176) Kuebler U, Trachsel M, von KR, Abbruzzese E, Ehlert U, Wirtz PH. Attributional styles and stress-related atherogenic plasma lipid reactivity in essential hypertension. J Psychosom Res 2014; 77(1):51-56.
(177) Lampert R, Jain D, Burg MM, Batsford WP, McPherson CA. Destabilizing effects of mental stress on ventricular arrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Circulation 2000; 101(2):158-164.
(178) Laufer A, Solomon Z, Levine SZ. Elaboration on posttraumatic growth in youth exposed to terror: the role of religiosity and political ideology. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2010; 45(6):647-653.
(179) Lauzon C, Beck CA, Huynh T, Dion D, Racine N, Carignan S et al. Depression and prognosis following hospital admission because of acute myocardial infarction. CMAJ 2003; 168(5):547-552.
(180) Lee AL, Ogle WO, Sapolsky RM. Stress and depression: possible links to neuron death in the hippocampus. Bipolar Disord 2002; 4(2):117-128.
(181) Lee S, Colditz GA, Berkman LF, Kawachi I. Caregiving and risk of coronary heart disease in U.S. women: a prospective study. Am J Prev Med 2003; 24(2):113-119.
(182) Levy BR, Slade MD, Kasl SV. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2002; 57(5):409-417.
(183) Levy BR, Slade MD, Kunkel SR, Kasl SV. Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. J Pers Soc Psychol 2002; 83(2):261-270.
(184) Levy BR, Slade MD, May J, Caracciolo EA. Physical recovery after acute myocardial infarction: positive age self-stereotypes as a resource. Int J Aging Hum Dev 2006; 62(4):285-301.
(185) Levy BR, Slade MD, Murphy TE, Gill TM. Association between positive age stereotypes and recovery from disability in older persons. JAMA 2012; 308(19):1972-1973.
(186) Levy BR, Zonderman AB, Slade MD, Ferrucci L. Age stereotypes held earlier in life predict cardiovascular events in later life. Psychol Sci 2009; 20(3):296-298.
(187) Levy BR, Zonderman AB, Slade MD, Ferrucci L. Memory shaped by age stereotypes over time. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2012; 67(4):432-436.
(188) Licht CM, de Geus EJ, Seldenrijk A, van Hout HP, Zitman FG, van DR et al. Depression is associated with decreased blood pressure, but antidepressant use increases the risk for hypertension. Hypertension 2009; 53(4):631-638.
(189) Light KC, Smith TE, Johns JM, Brownley KA, Hofheimer JA, Amico JA. Oxytocin responsivity in mothers of infants: a preliminary study of relationships with blood pressure during laboratory stress and normal ambulatory activity. Health Psychol 2000; 19(6):560-567.
(190) Liu RT, Choi JY, Boland EM, Mastin BM, Alloy LB. Childhood abuse and stress generation: the mediational effect of depressogenic cognitive styles. Psychiatry Res 2013; 206(2-3):217-222.
(191) Loeb SJ, Hollenbeak CS, Penrod J, Smith CA, Kitt-Lewis E, Crouse SB. Care and companionship in an isolating environment: inmates attending to dying peers. J Forensic Nurs 2013; 9(1):35-44.
(192) Lou LL, Zheng Y, Nickerson A, McMorris R. An Examination of the Reciprocal Relationship of Loneliness and Facebook Use Among First-Year College Students. journal of Educational Computing Research 2012; 46(1):105-117.
(193) Low CA, Stanton AL, Bower JE. Effects of acceptance-oriented versus evaluative emotional processing on heart rate recovery and habituation. Emotion 2008; 8(3):419-424.
(194) Lucini D, Norbiato G, Clerici M, Pagani M. Hemodynamic and autonomic adjustments to real life stress conditions in humans. Hypertension 2002; 39(1):184-188.
(195) Maddi SR. The courage and strategies of hardiness as helpful in growing despite major, disruptive stresses. Am Psychol 2008; 63(6):563-564.
(196) Magnusson M, Sorensen TI, Olafsdottir S, Lehtinen-Jacks S, Holmen TL, Heitmann BL et al. Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity. Curr Obes Rep 2014; 3:1-15. eCollection;%2014.:1-15.
(197) Martijena ID, Molina VA. The influence of stress on fear memory processes. Braz J Med Biol Res 2012; 45(4):308-313.
(198) Matthews KA, Gump BB. Chronic work stress and marital dissolution increase risk of posttrial mortality in men from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162(3):309-315.
(199) Mavandadi S, Dobkin R, Mamikonyan E, Sayers S, Ten HT, Weintraub D. Benefit finding and relationship quality in Parkinson's disease: a pilot dyadic analysis of husbands and wives. J Fam Psychol 2014; 28(5):728-734.
(200) McCarthy MM. Estrogen modulation of oxytocin and its relation to behavior. Adv Exp Med Biol 1995; 395:235-45.:235-245.
(201) McCullough ME, Root LM, Cohen AD. Writing about the benefits of an interpersonal transgression facilitates forgiveness. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006; 74(5):887-897.
(202) McEwen BS. Sleep deprivation as a neurobiologic and physiologic stressor: Allostasis and allostatic load. Metabolism 2006; 55(10 Suppl 2):S20-S23.
(203) McEwen BS, Gray JD, Nasca C. 60 YEARS OF NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY: Redefining neuroendocrinology: stress, sex and cognitive and emotional regulation. J Endocrinol 2015; 226(2):T67-T83.
(204) McEwen BS, Stellar E. Stress and the individual. Mechanisms leading to disease. Arch Intern Med 1993; 153(18):2093-2101.
(205) McKay B, Lewthwaite R, Wulf G. Enhanced expectancies improve performance under pressure. Front Psychol 2012; 3:8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00008. eCollection;%2012.:8.
(206) Meyer VJ, Lee Y, Bottger C, Leonbacher U, Allison AL, Shirtcliff EA. Experience, cortisol reactivity, and the coordination of emotional responses to skydiving. Front Hum Neurosci 2015; 9:138. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00138. eCollection;%2015.:138.
(207) Meyerhoff JL, Norris W, Saviolakis GA, Wollert T, Burge B, Atkins V et al. Evaluating performance of law enforcement personnel during a stressful training scenario. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004; 1032:250-3.:250-253.
(208) Miller JJ, Fletcher K, Kabat-Zinn J. Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 1995; 17(3):192-200.
(209) Mitra R, Adamec R, Sapolsky R. Resilience against predator stress and dendritic morphology of amygdala neurons. Behav Brain Res 2009; 205(2):535-543.
(210) Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Acute corticosterone treatment is sufficient to induce anxiety and amygdaloid dendritic hypertrophy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2008; 105(14):5573-5578.
(211) Mobbs D, Hagan CC, Dalgleish T, Silston B, Prevost C. The ecology of human fear: survival optimization and the nervous system. Front Neurosci 2015; 9:55. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2015.00055. eCollection;%2015.:55.
(212) Morgan CA, III, Hazlett G, Doran A, Garrett S, Hoyt G, Thomas P et al. Accuracy of eyewitness memory for persons encountered during exposure to highly intense stress. Int J Law Psychiatry 2004; 27(3):265-279.
(213) Morgan CA, III, Southwick S, Hazlett G, Rasmusson A, Hoyt G, Zimolo Z et al. Relationships among plasma dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and cortisol levels, symptoms of dissociation, and objective performance in humans exposed to acute stress. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2004; 61(8):819-825.
(214) Morgen CS, Sorensen TI. Obesity: global trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Nat Rev Endocrinol 2014; 10(9):513-514.
(215) Morris MJ, Beilharz JE, Maniam J, Reichelt AC, Westbrook RF. Why is obesity such a problem in the 21st century? The intersection of palatable food, cues and reward pathways, stress, and cognition. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2014;(14):10.
(216) Munhoz CD, Lepsch LB, Kawamoto EM, Malta MB, Lima LS, Avellar MC et al. Chronic unpredictable stress exacerbates lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB in the frontal cortex and hippocampus via glucocorticoid secretion. J Neurosci 2006; 26(14):3813-3820.
(217) Neff KD. The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity 2, 223-250. 2003. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(218) Neff KD. The Role of Self-Compassion in Development: A Healthier Way to Relate to Oneself. Hum Dev 2009; 52(4):211-214.
(219) Nemeroff CB, Bremner JD, Foa EB, Mayberg HS, North CS, Stein MB. Posttraumatic stress disorder: a state-of-the-science review. J Psychiatr Res 2006; 40(1):1-21.
(220) Newheiser AK, Barreto M. Hidden Costs of Hiding Stigma: Ironic Interpersonal Consequences of Concealing a Stigmatized Identity in Social Interactions. Br J Soc Psychol 2014; 52:58-70.
(221) Ng W, Diener E. What matters to the rich and the poor? Subjective well-being, financial satisfaction, and postmaterialist needs across the world. J Pers Soc Psychol 2014; 107(2):326-338.
(222) Ng W, Diner E, Aurora R, Hatter J. Affluence, feelings of stress, and wellbeing. Social Indicators Research 94[2], 257-71. 2009. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(223) Niles AN, Haltom KE, Mulvenna CM, Lieberman MD, Stanton AL. Randomized controlled trial of expressive writing for psychological and physical health: the moderating role of emotional expressivity. Anxiety Stress Coping 2014; 27(1):1-17.
(224) Noble D. Neo-Darwinism, the modern synthesis and selfish genes: are they of use in physiology? J Physiol 2011; 589(Pt 5):1007-1015.
(225) Nuckolls KB, Kaplan BH, Cassel J. Psychosocial assets, life crisis and the prognosis of pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol 1972; 95(5):431-441.
(226) O'Donovan A, Neylan TC, Metzler T, Cohen BE. Lifetime exposure to traumatic psychological stress is associated with elevated inflammation in the Heart and Soul Study. Brain Behav Immun 2012; 26(4):642-649.
(227) Oertig D, Schuler J, Schnelle J, Brandstatter V, Roskes M, Elliot AJ. Avoidance goal pursuit depletes self-regulatory resources. J Pers 2013; 81(4):365-375.
(228) Orth-Gomer K, Schneiderman N, Wang HX, Walldin C, Blom M, Jernberg T. Stress reduction prolongs life in women with coronary disease: the Stockholm Women's Intervention Trial for Coronary Heart Disease (SWITCHD). Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2009; 2(1):25-32.
(229) Orth-Gomer K, Wamala SP, Horsten M, Schenck-Gustafsson K, Schneiderman N, Mittleman MA. Marital stress worsens prognosis in women with coronary heart disease: The Stockholm Female Coronary Risk Study. JAMA 2000; %20;284(23):3008-3014.
(230) Park CL, Mills MA, Edmondson D. PTSD as Meaning Violation: Testing a Cognitive Worldview Perspective. Psychol Trauma 2012; 4(1):66-73.
(231) Parker KJ, Buckmaster CL, Lindley SE, Schatzberg AF, Lyons DM. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis physiology and cognitive control of behavior in stress inoculated monkeys. Int J Behav Dev 2012; 36(1):10.
(232) Peters A, Langemann D. Build-ups in the supply chain of the brain: on the neuroenergetic cause of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Front Neuroenergetics 2009; 1:2. doi: 10.3389/neuro.14.002.2009. eCollection;%2009.:2.
(233) Peters A, McEwen BS. Stress habituation, body shape and cardiovascular mortality. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2015; 56:139-150. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.07.001.:139-150.
(234) Peters GJ, Ruiter RA, Kok G. Threatening communication: a critical re-analysis and a revised meta-analytic test of fear appeal theory. Health Psychol Rev 2013; 7(Suppl 1):S8-S31.
(235) Pierrehumbert B, Torrisi R, Laufer D, Halfon O, Ansermet F, Beck PM. Oxytocin response to an experimental psychosocial challenge in adults exposed to traumatic experiences during childhood or adolescence. Neuroscience 2010; 166(1):168-177.
(236) Pogosova N, Saner H, Pedersen SS, Cupples ME, McGee H, Hofer S et al. Psychosocial aspects in cardiac rehabilitation: From theory to practice. A position paper from the Cardiac Rehabilitation Section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur J Prev Cardiol 2015; 22(10):1290-1306.
(237) Pole N. The psychophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull 2007; 133(5):725-746.
(238) Porges SW. The polyvagal theory: new insights into adaptive reactions of the autonomic nervous system. Cleve Clin J Med 2009; 76 Suppl 2:S86-90. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.76.s2.17.:S86-S90.
(239) Porges SW, Furman SA. The Early Development of the Autonomic Nervous System Provides a Neural Platform for Social Behavior: A Polyvagal Perspective. Infant Child Dev 2011; 20(1):106-118.
(240) Poulin MJ, Brown SL, Dillard AJ, Smith DM. Giving to others and the association between stress and mortality. Am J Public Health 2013; 103(9):1649-1655.
(241) Poulin MJ, Holman EA. Helping hands, healthy body? Oxytocin receptor gene and prosocial behavior interact to buffer the association between stress and physical health. Horm Behav 2013; 63(3):510-517.
(242) Preuss D, Schoofs D, Schlotz W, Wolf OT. The stressed student: influence of written examinations and oral presentations on salivary cortisol concentrations in university students. Stress 2010; 13(3):221-229.
(243) Raab K. Mindfulness, self-compassion, and empathy among health care professionals: a review of the literature. J Health Care Chaplain 2014; 20(3):95-108.
(244) Raes F, Pommier E, Neff KD, Van GD. Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the Self-Compassion Scale. Clin Psychol Psychother 2011; 18(3):250-255.
(245) Rakel D, Mundt M, Ewers T, Fortney L, Zgierska A, Gassman M et al. Value associated with mindfulness meditation and moderate exercise intervention in acute respiratory infection: the MEPARI Study. Fam Pract 2013; 30(4):390-397.
(246) Reed AE, Carstensen LL. The theory behind the age-related positivity effect. Front Psychol 2012; 3:339. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00339. eCollection;%2012.:339.
(247) Richardson S, Shaffer JA, Falzon L, Krupka D, Davidson KW, Edmondson D. Meta-analysis of perceived stress and its association with incident coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol 2012; 110(12):1711-1716.
(248) Rod NH, Gronbaek M, Schnohr P, Prescott E, Kristensen TS. Perceived stress as a risk factor for changes in health behaviour and cardiac risk profile: a longitudinal study. J Intern Med 2009; 266(5):467-475.
(249) Rodrigues SM, Sapolsky RM. Disruption of fear memory through dual-hormone gene therapy. Biol Psychiatry 2009; 65(5):441-444.
(250) Rosengren A, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Sliwa K, Zubaid M, Almahmeed WA et al. Association of psychosocial risk factors with risk of acute myocardial infarction in 11119 cases and 13648 controls from 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 2004; 364(9438):953-962.
(251) Ruotsalainen JH, Verbeek JH, Marine A, Serra C. Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 11:CD002892. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002892.pub3.:CD002892.
(252) Sahlgren GH, ., ., . Work Longer, Live Healthier: The Relationship Between Economic Activity, Health and Government Policy. Institute for Economic Affairs Discussion Paper no 46, May 16 . 2013. 
Ref Type: Report
(253) Sapolsky RM. Stress and plasticity in the limbic system. Neurochem Res 2003; 28(11):1735-1742.
(254) Sapolsky RM. Organismal stress and telomeric aging: an unexpected connection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2004; 101(50):17323-17324.
(255) Sapolsky RM, Share LJ. A pacific culture among wild baboons: its emergence and transmission. PLoS Biol 2004; 2(4):E106.
(256) SBU. Arbetsmiljöns betydelse för symtom på
depression och utmattningssyndrom. En systematisk litteraturöversikt. SBU-rapport nr 223.ISBN 978-91-85413-64-5. Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (SBU) . 2014. Stockholm. 
Ref Type: Online Source
(257) Schmidt MC, Rokholm B, Sjoberg BC, Schou AC, Geisler AL, Rasmussen M et al. Trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity in danish infants, children and adolescents--are we still on a plateau? PLoS One 2013; 8(7):e69860.
(258) Schneider RH, Alexander CN, Staggers F, Rainforth M, Salerno JW, Hartz A et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons > or = 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. Am J Cardiol 2005; 95(9):1060-1064.
(259) Schreier HM, Schonert-Reichl KA, Chen E. Effect of volunteering on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA Pediatr 2013; 167(4):327-332.
(260) Seery MD, Holman EA, Silver RC. Whatever does not kill us: cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. J Pers Soc Psychol 2010; 99(6):1025-1041.
(261) Seery MD, Leo RJ, Holman EA, Silver RC. Lifetime exposure to adversity predicts functional impairment and healthcare utilization among individuals with chronic back pain. Pain 2010; 150(3):507-515.
(262) Seery MD, Leo RJ, Lupien SP, Kondrak CL, Almonte JL. An upside to adversity?: moderate cumulative lifetime adversity is associated with resilient responses in the face of controlled stressors. Psychol Sci 2013; 24(7):1181-1189.
(263) Seery MD, Weisbuch M, Hetenyi MA, Blascovich J. Cardiovascular measures independently predict performance in a university course. Psychophysiology 2010; 47(3):535-539.
(264) Segerstrom SC, Miller GE. Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychol Bull 2004; 130(4):601-630.
(265) Shakespeare-Finch J, Lurie-Beck J. A meta-analytic clarification of the relationship between posttraumatic growth and symptoms of posttraumatic distress disorder. J Anxiety Disord 2014; 28(2):223-229.
(266) Shakespeare-Finch JE, Smith SG, Gow KM, Embelton G, Baird L. The prevalence of post-traumatic growth in emergency ambulance personnel. Traumatology 9[1], 58-74. 2003. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(267) Siegel K, Schrimshaw EW, Pretter S. Stress-related growth among women living with HIV/AIDS: examination of an explanatory model. J Behav Med 2005; 28(5):403-414.
(268) Sinha R, Jastreboff AM. Stress as a common risk factor for obesity and addiction. Biol Psychiatry 2013; 73(9):827-835.
(269) Slavich GM, Way BM, Eisenberger NI, Taylor SE. Neural sensitivity to social rejection is associated with inflammatory responses to social stress. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010; 107(33):14817-14822.
(270) Song S, Graham-Engeland JE, Corwin EJ, Ceballos RM, Taylor SE, Seeman T et al. The role of multiple negative social relationships in inflammatory cytokine responses to a laboratory stressor. PeerJ 2015; 3:e959. doi: 10.7717/peerj.959. eCollection;%2015.:e959.
(271) Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Munhoz CD, Sapolsky RM. The stressed CNS: when glucocorticoids aggravate inflammation. Neuron 2009; 64(1):33-39.
(272) Sorrells SF, Sapolsky RM. An inflammatory review of glucocorticoid actions in the CNS. Brain Behav Immun 2007; 21(3):259-272.
(273) Speca M, Carlson LE, Goodey E, Angen M. A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med 2000; 62(5):613-622.
(274) Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S, Sworowski LA, Collins CA, Branstetter AD, Rodriguez-Hanley A et al. Randomized, controlled trial of written emotional expression and benefit finding in breast cancer patients. J Clin Oncol 2002; 20(20):4160-4168.
(275) Steffena SL, Fothergillb. 9/11 Volunteerism: A pathway to personal healing and community engagement. The Social Science Journal 46[1], 29-46. 2009. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(276) Steptoe A, Deaton A, Stone AA. Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. Lancet 2015; 385(9968):640-648.
(277) Stern SL, Dhanda R, Hazuda HP. Hopelessness predicts mortality in older Mexican and European Americans. Psychosom Med 2001; 63(3):344-351.
(278) Stout JG, Dasgupta N. Mastering one's destiny: mastery goals promote challenge and success despite social identity threat. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2013; 39(6):748-762.
(279) Strack J, Esteves F. Exams? Why worry? Interpreting anxiety as facilitative and stress appraisals. Anxiety Stress Coping 2015; 28(2):205-214.
(280) Strack J, Lopes PN, Esteves F. Will you thrive under pressure or burn out? Linking anxiety motivation and emotional exhaustion. Cogn Emot 2015; 29(4):578-591.
(281) Strike PC, Steptoe A. Psychosocial factors in the development of coronary artery disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2004; 46(4):337-347.
(282) Sudhaus S, Held S, Schoofs D, Bultmann J, Duck I, Wolf OT et al. Associations between fear-avoidance and endurance responses to pain and salivary cortisol in the context of experimental pain induction. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2015; 52:195-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.11.011. Epub;%2014 Nov;%20.:195-199.
(283) Sullivan GB, Sullivan MJ. Promoting wellness in cardiac rehabilitation: exploring the role of altruism. J Cardiovasc Nurs 1997; 11(3):43-52.
(284) Sundhed.dk. Stress (tilpasningsreaktion, belastningsreaktion), arbejdsrelateret. 2014. 
Ref Type: Online Source
(285) Sutherland AG, Alexander DA, Hutchison JD. Disturbance of pro-inflammatory cytokines in post-traumatic psychopathology. Cytokine 2003; 24(5):219-225.
(286) Taylor PJ, Gooding P, Wood AM, Tarrier N. The role of defeat and entrapment in depression, anxiety, and suicide. Psychol Bull 2011; 137(3):391-420.
(287) Taylor SE, Klein LC, Lewis BP, Gruenewald TL, Gurung RA, Updegraff JA. Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight. Psychol Rev 2000; 107(3):411-429.
(288) Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: measuring the positive legacy of trauma. J Trauma Stress 1996; 9(3):455-471.
(289) Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence. Psychological Inquiry 15[1], 1-18. 2004. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(290) Tosone C, Bauwens J, Glassman M. The Shared Traumatic and Professional Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. Research on Social Work Practice . 2014. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(291) Tran V, Wiebe DJ, Fortenberry KT, Butler JM, Berg CA. Benefit finding, affective reactions to diabetes stress, and diabetes management among early adolescents. Health Psychol 2011; 30(2):212-219.
(292) Tsai FJ, Chan CC. The impact of the 2008 financial crisis on psychological work stress among financial workers and lawyers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2011; 84(4):445-452.
(293) Tsai J, El-Gabalawy R, Sledge WH, Southwick SM, Pietrzak RH. Post-traumatic growth among veterans in the USA: results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Psychol Med 2015; 45(1):165-179.
(294) Tulloch H, Greenman PS, Tasse V. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Cardiac Patients: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Considerations for Assessment and Treatment. Behav Sci (Basel) 2014; 5(1):27-40.
(295) Turner MJ, Jones MV, Sheffield D, Cross SL. Cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat states predict competitive performance. Int J Psychophysiol 2012; 86(1):48-57.
(296) Ulrich-Lai YM, Ostrander MM, Herman JP. HPA axis dampening by limited sucrose intake: reward frequency vs. caloric consumption. Physiol Behav 2011; 103(1):104-110.
(297) Vallury KD, Jones M, Oosterbroek C. Computerized Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Rural Areas: A Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res 2015; 17(6):e139.
(298) van Campen JS, Jansen FE, de Graan PN, Braun KP, Joels M. Early life stress in epilepsy: a seizure precipitant and risk factor for epileptogenesis. Epilepsy Behav 2014; 38:160-171.
(299) van Wingen GA, Geuze E, Vermetten E, Fernandez G. Perceived threat predicts the neural sequelae of combat stress. Mol Psychiatry 2011; 16(6):664-671.
(300) Vanitallie TB. Stress: a risk factor for serious illness. Metabolism 2002; 51(6 Suppl 1):40-45.
(301) Varghese SP, Montalvo-Ortiz JL, Csernansky JG, Eiger RI, Herrold AA, Koola MM et al. Early Life Stress as a Risk Factor for Substance use Disorders: Clinical and Neurobiological Substrates. Indian J Psychol Med 2015; 37(1):36-41.
(302) Vine SJ, Freeman P, Moore LJ, Chandra-Ramanan R, Wilson MR. Evaluating stress as a challenge is associated with superior attentional control and motor skill performance: testing the predictions of the biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat. J Exp Psychol Appl 2013; 19(3):185-194.
(303) Vine SJ, Uiga L, Lavric A, Moore LJ, Tsaneva-Atanasova K, Wilson MR. Individual reactions to stress predict performance during a critical aviation incident. Anxiety Stress Coping 2015; 28(4):467-477.
(304) Virtanen M. Stress at work--a risk factor for depression? Scand J Work Environ Health 2010; 36(6):433-434.
(305) von DB, Fischbacher U, Kirschbaum C, Fehr E, Heinrichs M. The social dimension of stress reactivity: acute stress increases prosocial behavior in humans. Psychol Sci 2012; 23(6):651-660.
(306) von KR. [A psychocardiology update on depression and coronary heart disease]. Praxis (Bern 1994; %2014 Jan 15;103(2):85-93.
(308) von KR, Meister RE, Stutz M, Kummer P, Arpagaus A, Huber S et al. Effects of dark chocolate consumption on the prothrombotic response to acute psychosocial stress in healthy men. Thromb Haemost 2014; 112(6):1151-1158.
(309) von KR, Mills PJ, Fainman C, Dimsdale JE. Effects of psychological stress and psychiatric disorders on blood coagulation and fibrinolysis: a biobehavioral pathway to coronary artery disease? Psychosom Med 2001; 63(4):531-544.
(310) von KR, Mills PJ, Ziegler MG, Dimsdale JE. Effect of beta2-adrenergic receptor functioning and increased norepinephrine on the hypercoagulable state with mental stress. Am Heart J 2002; 144(1):68-72.
(311) von RA, Steffen A, Floegel A, van der AD, Masala G, Tjonneland A et al. Trend in obesity prevalence in European adult cohort populations during follow-up since 1996 and their predictions to 2015. PLoS One 2011; 6(11):e27455.
(312) Vrijkotte TG, van Doornen LJ, de Geus EJ. Work stress and metabolic and hemostatic risk factors. Psychosom Med 1999; 61(6):796-805.
(313) Wallis DJ, Hetherington MM. Emotions and eating. Self-reported and experimentally induced changes in food intake under stress. Appetite 2009; 52(2):355-362.
(314) Walsh K, Nugent NR, Kotte A, Amstadter AB, Wang S, Guille C et al. Cortisol at the emergency room rape visit as a predictor of PTSD and depression symptoms over time. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2013; 38(11):2520-2528.
(315) Walton GM, Cohen GL. A brief social-belonging intervention improves academic and health outcomes of minority students. Science 2011; 331(6023):1447-1451.
(316) Walton GM, Cohen GL, Cwir D, Spencer SJ. Mere belonging: the power of social connections. J Pers Soc Psychol 2012; 102(3):513-532.
(317) Wamala SP, Mittleman MA, Schenck-Gustafsson K, Orth-Gomer K. Potential explanations for the educational gradient in coronary heart disease: a population-based case-control study of Swedish women. Am J Public Health 1999; 89(3):315-321.
(318) Wang J. Work stress as a risk factor for major depressive episode(s). Psychol Med 2005; 35(6):865-871.
(319) Watson D. Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities. J Pers Soc Psychol 1988; 54(6):1020-1030.
(320) Waugh CE, Fredrickson BL, Taylor SF. Adapting to life's slings and arrows: Individual differences in resilience when recovering from an anticipated threat. J Res Pers 2008; 42(4):1031-1046.
(321) Weiss T, Skelton K, Phifer J, Jovanovic T, Gillespie CF, Smith A et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome in an impoverished urban population. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2011; 33(2):135-142.
(322) Wemm S, Koone T, Blough ER, Mewaldt S, Bardi M. The role of DHEA in relation to problem solving and academic performance. Biol Psychol 2010; 85(1):53-61.
(323) Williams JE, Nieto FJ, Sanford CP, Couper DJ, Tyroler HA. The association between trait anger and incident stroke risk: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Stroke 2002; 33(1):13-19.
(324) Williams JE, Paton CC, Siegler IC, Eigenbrodt ML, Nieto FJ, Tyroler HA. Anger proneness predicts coronary heart disease risk: prospective analysis from the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study. Circulation 2000; 101(17):2034-2039.
(325) Williams RB. Blood pressure reactivity to psychological stress: a new risk factor for coronary disease? Hypertension 2006; 47(3):329-330.
(326) Witvlieta, V, Knolla RW, Hinma, NG, eYoungb PA. Compassion-focused reappraisal, benefit-focused reappraisal, and rumination after an interpersonal offense: Emotion-regulation implications for subjective emotion, linguistic responses, and physiology. The Journal of Positive Psychology 5[3], 226-242. 2010. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(327) Wolff JK, Warner LM, Ziegelmann JP, Wurm S. What do targeting positive views on ageing add to a physical activity intervention in older adults? Results from a randomised controlled trial. Psychol Health 2014; 29(8):915-932.
(328) Wood MD, Britt TW, Thomas JL, Klocko RP, Bliese PD. Buffering effects of benefit finding in a war environment. Military Psychology 32[2], 202-219. 2015. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)
(329) Wurm S, Warner LM, Ziegelmann JP, Wolff JK, Schuz B. How do negative self-perceptions of aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy? Psychol Aging 2013; 28(4):1088-1097.
(330) Yan LL, Liu K, Matthews KA, Daviglus ML, Ferguson TF, Kiefe CI. Psychosocial factors and risk of hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. JAMA 2003; 290(16):2138-2148.
(331) Yancura LA, Aldwin CM, Levenson MR, Spiro A, III. Coping, affect, and the metabolic syndrome in older men: how does coping get under the skin? J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2006; 61(5):295-303.
(332) Yarnell J. Stress at work--an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease? Eur Heart J 2008; 29(5):579-580.
(333) Yount R, Ritchie EC, LAurent MS, Chumley P, Olmert MD. The role of service dog training in the treatment of combat-related PTSD. Psychiatric Annals 43[6], 292-295. 2013. 
Ref Type: Journal (Full)